In a country where waterborne diseases result in over 10,000 deaths annually, we don’t need to emphasize why there is an urgent need for a water purifier in every household. While higher authorities might be doing their best to provide us with clean and safe drinking water, we too have a responsibility. We need to ensure that our homes and workplaces are fitted with an electric water purifier for safe and clean water. Most people trust an RO Filter or an RO UV Water Purifier for their drinking water needs, but there are other alternative methods that you can try. Here are some of the most effective water purification methods that have stood the test of time:
The simplest method to purify water is to boil it for a good amount of time. High temperatures cause the bacteria and virus to dissipate, removing all impurities from the water. In doing so, chemical additions cease to exist in the water as well. However, the dead micro-organisms and impurities settle at the bottom of the water, and boiling does not help eliminate all the impurities. You must strain the water through a microporous sieve to completely get rid of the impurities.
2. Water Purifier
An electric water purifier is the most trusted form of water purification that can be found in most houses today. A water purifier uses a multi-stage process that involves UV and UF filtration, carbon block, and modern water filtration technology that eliminates a majority of the chemicals and impurities making it the purest drinking water.
3. Reverse Osmosis
An RO Purifier proves to be one of the best methods of purifying water. Reverse Osmosis forces water through a semipermeable membrane and removes contaminants. The TDS Controller and Mineraliser Technology like the one found in an A. O. Smith RO UV Water Purifier help retain the necessary nutrients while doing away with harmful impurities.
4. Water Chlorination
This is an older technique used usually during an emergency, wherein a mild bleach with approximately 5% chlorine is added to the water. This mixture works as an oxidant and quickly kills microorganisms, making water safe for consumption.
Distillation is a water purification process that involves collecting the condensed water after evaporation, which ensures that water is free of contaminants. However, this isn’t as effective as an RO filter because it is time-consuming and eliminates minerals as well.
6. Iodine Addition
Iodine is a red chemical that is easily available as a tablet or a liquid. It is extremely powerful as it kills bacteria and viruses. However, it adds an unpleasant taste and can be fatal if taken in high doses. Therefore, it should only be used if you don’t have access to a better method of purification like an electric water purifier.
7. Solar Purification
An alternative to the UV filtration is solar purification which involves treating water with the ultraviolet radiation of the sun. The process involves filling a plastic bottle with water, shaking it to activate the oxygen and leaving it horizontally in the sunlight. This effectively kills bacteria and viruses present in the water, making it safe for consumption.
8. Clay Vessel Filtration
Way before people had access to an RO or UV Purifier, they used clay pots which purified muddy water, by blocking out the mud and allowing pure, potable water to pass through. This method is still used in some rural regions.
9. UV Radiation
Water is exposed to a UV Light that kills microorganisms, thereby preventing it from breeding further. But if not coupled with an RO Filter, UV Radiation alone cannot remove impurities and heavy metals.
This method is used when water with a certain level of salinity needs to be filtered. This process is helpful